February 03, 2003

Appendices by Chapter: Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Teaching Tech and Loving Learning: Theory and Practice in the Clemson University Laptop Program The Survey

10/18/2000

Subjects: AAH Laptop Faculty

Burns, James

Kanet, Priscilla

Mack, Pamela

Stasiukaitis, Beth

Weaver, Barbara

Burns, James

The following attachment is a survey. As a member of Dr Christine Boese's English 102 class, I'm undergoing a research study about the Pilot Laptop Program to ensure its longevity. By completing this survey you'll be aiding the research that will be presented to the Stakeholders. You do not have to complete the following survey, however, if you do you will be giving your permission to be included in the survey for this grand project. Your help will be a great assistance.

Thanks,

Christa Benton

P.S.

If you are willing to aid our class in this project, could you please email the completed survey to me by Oct.20 @ 5:00.

Please answer the following questions concisely as possible.

What attracted you into joining the Laptop Program?

What advantages do you see in the Laptop Program?

What problems have you found in the Laptop Program?

Do you find the Laptop Programís teaching methods to be a challenge prior to the traditional methods used before?

Do you think that the role of the teacher will permanently change from the sage on the stage to the guide on the side in the years to come?

Thank You. Your input is greatly appreciated.

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Appendices by Chapter: Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Conducting Cost/Benefits Analyses: Short-term Effects of the Laptop Program

Short Term Benefits of the Laptop Program Survey

Are you in favor of smaller class sizes and concentrated learning environments?

Do you believe that more integration of technology in the classroom would benefit students in their effectiveness in finding and holding a job after their education?

Do you believe there is a definite advantage in having a portable computer?

Do you think that laptops in the classroom would enhance the effectiveness of the teacherís pedagogy?

Would you enjoy a special support desk to solve technical problems and provide loaner laptops?

Do you believe that working online while in class could become a significant distraction to ones learning?

Do you think that innovations with technology in class can successfully replace traditional teaching methods?

Does the cost of a laptop computer balance the benefits of having a personal portable pc?

What would you estimate a top of the line laptop would cost?

Do you feel that almost 500 thousand dollars is too much money to be spent on a program with under 200 students?

Should faculty members be paid extra to teach laptop sections? If so, how much?

After the innovation grant ends, (after this year), who should make up the difference in funding?

With such a high cost to the University, what do you see as the benefits being? Do these benefits justify the costs of the program.

Please send replies to Cusurvey@yahoo.com

Thank You!

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Appendices by Chapter: Chapter 5

Chapter 5: Our Crystal Ball: Long-term Effects of the Laptop Program

Survey sent to students:

Dear Laptop Student,

The following is a survey being conducted for a research study by Dr Christine Boeseís English 102 class.† By completing this survey you will be aiding the research that will be presented to the Stakeholders of the Pilot Laptop Program, and possibly ensuring its longevity.† You DO NOT have to complete the following survey.† However, if you do choose to participate, you will be giving your permission to be included in the survey by replying to this email.† If you do not want to be included DO NOT reply.

Answer the following as concisely as possible:

How effective do you feel your participation in the laptop program will be in getting you a better job?

What changes would you make for the future of the laptop program?†

Should there be a Laptop Program in 20 years?

What challenges does the program face?

Thanks for your participation


Survey sent to businesspeople:


Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am writing you this letter on behalf of my English 102 class. We are conducting a research project, in hopes of answering the question, "What effects if any has the Clemson Laptop Program had on students and teachers in the AAH and CES colleges." My specific group is in charge of investigating the long-term effects of such a program, its benefits and costs. Below are a few questions that I would appreciate you taking the time to answer, if you reply to this message you are giving me permission to include this data in my research report when it is published.

The laptop program allows the students to become familiar with word processing, e-mail, spreadsheets, and other software often used by businesses. Do you think this is advantageous?

The program gives the students a familiarity with laptop units. Do you see this as an advantage?

The program costs about $2500 for the initial start-up and approximately, $200 dollars a year for the students to keep up with the ever change technology. Is this cost to the students justified by the benefits?

The capital investment for the college, to wire its classrooms and supply teachers with the technology and training needed, is approximately $30,000 a year for staff members to run the program; $23,000 to equip one moderate size laptop class room, $40,000 for program costs such as spare parts, loaner machines, and software for 48-50 students. The costs come to roughly $100,000 for running the program for one year for 48-50 students. Remembering that some of these funds come from your tax money, state supported school, are the costs wore the benefits?

Some critics state that the expanded use of e-mail and other forms of digital and electronic communication, are weakening the personal skills of students, and making it hard for them to communicate face-to-face with people. Do you see this as a real concern?

Are there any benefits or costs of such a program that you feel are note worthy?

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Appendices By Chapter: Chapter 6: APPENDIX A: Teams and Members

Inquiry Project Teams: English 101

Survey Team

Shipp Daniel

Mary Beth Wagner

Tim Boyer

Matt Baker

Allen Biggers

Computer Resource Team

Bryan Gaidanowicz

Sampling Team

Matt Baker

Student Interview Team

Matt Mill

Arthur Yon

Nick Nestal

James Matsinger

Amy Howell

Lindsay Houck

Brent Coston

Faculty Interview Team

Shipp Daniel

Tim Boyer

Matt Baker

Digital Photography Team

Thomas Johnston

Matt Baker

Analysis Team

John Nickels

Jen Hlavenka

Bryan Gaidanowicz

Thomas Johnston

Writing Team

Laura Brunson

Shanika Smalls

Grace Gibson

Posted by Damon at 02:45 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Appendices By Chapter: Chapter 6: APPENDIX B: Gaant Chart for Scheduling Inquiry-Project Tasks

Gaant Chart for Scheduling Inquiry-Project Tasks

Too large for inclusion in online files

Posted by Damon at 02:42 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Appendices by Chapter: Chapter 6: APPENDIX C: Student-Survey Data

First Year
Sophomores
Juniors

Question #1 † † † † † †

What effect has the laptop program had on your learning experience thus far at Clemson? † † † † † †

Positive effect
11
65%
13
81%
14
88%

Negative effect
6
35%
0
0%
0
0%

No effect
0
0%
1
6%
2
13%

Other
0
0%
2
13%
0
0%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16

Question #2 † † † † † †

How would you compare your laptop classes with your non-laptop classes? † † † † † †
A
I learn More
4
24%
10
63%
11
69%

I lean Less
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

I don't know
13
76%
6
38%
3
19%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
B
I have more contact with teachers
10
59%
13
81%
14
88%

I have less contact with teachers
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

I don't know
7
41%
3
19%
1
6%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
C
I have more access to materials
13
76%
14
88%
13
81%

I have less access to materials
4
24%
0
0%
0
0%

I don't know
0
0%
2
13%
0
0%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
3
19%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
D
I have more contact with other students
11
65%
10
63%
14
88%

I have less contact with other students
1
6%
0
0%
0
0%

I don't know
5
29%
5
31%
1
6%

No response
0
0%
1
6%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
E
I have improved my team building skills
10
59%
11
69%
13
81%

I have not improved my team building skills
2
12%
1
6%
1
6%

I don't know
5
29%
4
25%
1
6%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
F
I retain more information
5
29%
7
44%
6
38%

I retain less information
9
53%
0
0%
1
6%

I don't know
0
0%
9
56%
8
50%

No response
3
18%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
G
I feel more confident about my grades
5
29%
7
44%
10
63%

I feel less confident about my grades
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

I don't know
9
53%
9
56%
4
25%

No response
3
18%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #3 † † † † † †

Overall, in your laptop classes, to what extent are the laptops and/or software incorporated into the curriculum? † † † † † †
A
Never used
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Seldom used
0
0%
2
13%
0
0%

Sometimes used
9
53%
7
44%
5
31%

Almost always used
6
35%
6
38%
9
56%

Always used
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

Other
0
0%
1
6%
1
6%

No response
2
12%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †

If laptops and/or software are incorporated into the curriculum in your classes, please explain how they are used. † † † † † †
B
Homework
14
82%
12
75%
15
94%

Test/quizzes
9
53%
13
81%
15
94%

Internet demonstration
9
53%
10
63%
10
63%

Web CT
12
71%
14
88%
16
100%

CLE
10
59%
9
56%
9
56%

Student hands-on use for classwork
12
71%
11
69%
15
94%

Demonstration by teacher
11
65%
13
81%
16
100%

Other
0
0%
2
13%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #4 † † † † † †

Which computer skills did you have upon entering Clemson? † † † † † †

Word processing
16
94%
16
100%
15
94%

Web-based research
11
65%
14
88%
12
75%

Designing web pages
5
29%
5
31%
6
38%

E-mail
11
65%
13
81%
14
88%

Presentation programs
6
35%
11
69%
9
56%

None
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Other
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #5 † † † † † †

Which of your following skills have been enhanced/gained by the laptop program? † † † † † †

Word processing
9
53%
11
69%
7
44%

Web-based research
7
41%
11
69%
12
75%

Designing web pages
10
59%
13
81%
13
81%

E-mail
8
47%
8
50%
9
56%

Presentation programs
0
0%
13
81%
14
88%

None
3
18%
4
25%
1
6%

Other
0
0%
1
6%
2
13%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #6 † † † † † †

Please rate your opinion on the change in your grades as a result of the laptop program? † † † † † †

Positive change
1
6%
7
44%
9
56%

Negative change
1
6%
1
6%
0
0%

No change
2
12%
7
44%
5
31%

I'm a first year student. I don't know yet.
13
76%
0
0%
0
0%

Other
0
0%
1
6%
2
13%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #7 † † † † † †

How would you rate the technical support available for you and your computer at Clemson? † † † † † †

Meets my needs all of the time
4
24%
5
31%
7
44%

Meets my needs some of the time
4
24%
8
50%
7
44%

Never meets my needs
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

I haven't needed any technical support
9
53%
3
19%
2
13%

Other
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #8 † † † † † †

What effect, if any, has the laptop program had on your oral communication skills? † † † † † †

Great effect
1
6%
4
25%
4
25%

Small effect
3
18%
5
31%
9
56%

No effect
9
53%
4
25%
2
13%

I don't know
4
24%
3
19%
1
6%

Other
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #9 † † † † † †

What effect, if any, has the laptop program had on your written communication skills? (This includes all forms of writing both on and off the computer.) † † † † † †

Great effect
2
12%
7
44%
7
44%

Small effect
7
41%
5
31%
5
31%

No effect
3
18%
3
19%
2
13%

I don't know
2
12%
1
6%
2
13%

Other
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

No response
3
18%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #10 † † † † † †

Did the presence of the laptop program at Clemson University have any effect on your decision, or your parentsí decision, for you to attend this university? † † † † † †

Yes
2
12%
2
13%
3
19%

No
15
88%
13
81%
13
81%

I don't know
0
0%
1
6%
0
0%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Question #11 † † † † † †

How did the cost of the laptop program effect the decision? † † † † † †

Had a positive effect on my decision
1
6%
7
44%
2
13%

Had a negative effect on my decision
6
35%
0
0%
2
13%

I don't know
9
53%
6
38%
5
31%

Other
1
6%
3
19%
6
38%

No response
0
0%
0
0%
1
6%

Total:
17 †
16 †
16 †
† † † † † † † †
† † † † † † † †

Posted by Damon at 02:39 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Appendices by Chapter: Chapter 6: APPENDIX D: Faculty-Survey Data

Faculty Interview A

How much computer experience do you have?

Response: I would say that I have fairly good experience.

So would you say "medium" experience?

Response: Yes, that sums it up well.

What laptop classes have you taught in the past?

Response: Iím teaching my first laptop class now.

And what are you currently teaching?

Response: Mathematical Science 101

How would you rate your experience teaching in the laptop classes?

Response: Moderately enjoyable.

Comment: There are a few frustrations, but overall I have enjoyed teaching in the laptop program.

The laptop program has affected your teaching by which of the following?

Response: I would say "more work for me," "less work for the students," "more preparation," "less effective contact with students," "more classroom problems overall," "more interesting teaching assignments," and "better assignments.

If you could change one thing about the laptop program, what would it be?

Response: I would have to say "more professional development."

Comment: I did not feel I had enough time to prepare for the class before it started. Needed development earlier than the week before classes.

In your laptop classes, to what extent are the laptops and/or software incorporated into your curriculum?

Response: I would probably say "almost always used."

Comment: I would say four out of five lectures use the laptops.

In your opinion, does the laptop program increase or decrease your effectiveness as a teacher?

Response: It does neither.

Do you feel that the laptop program is advantageous or detrimental to the students in it? Why or why not?

Response: I feel it is an advantage in that they get to see different aspects of a class that a traditional class may not see. In my class, they get to work problems using Excel, not just with pencil and paper, as do most other classes.

Has the integration of laptop altered the structure of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes, it is much more laid back and less structured.

Has the integration of laptop altered the content of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: I cover the same concepts, we just get to see computer applications of them.

Has the integration of laptops altered the assignments/homework for your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes, they have book assignments and computer assignments.

Has the integration of laptop altered your class presentations in any way? Please explain.

Response: No - there are no presentations in this class.

Has the integration of laptops altered your use of student groups in any way? Please explain.

Response: No - not much group work.

Do you feel that the students are getting the same quality of education as those students in regular classes? Why or why not?

Response: Yes - they just might get a little extra material.

Is there anything else you would like to add concerning the laptop program?

Response: "I think the laptop program gives students an opportunity to use skills and tools that they will be asked to use later in life."

Faculty Interview B

1. How would you rate your experience teaching the laptop classes?

Response: Greatly Enjoyable

Comment: Having students who all have laptops (and having one myself) has made possible some assignments that I would never have considered when I taught traditional classes. We arenít confined to the classroom physically or virtually. My creativity is let loose without the traditional constraints and I feel free to explore, experiment, and even fail.

2. How has the Laptop program has affected your teaching by: (check all that apply)

Response: . More work for me, more work for students, more preparation, more effective contact with students, more focus on class content, more classroom problems overall, more interesting teaching material, better education, better assignments, and better classroom practices.

3. If you could change one thing about the laptop program, what would it be?

Response: More professional development

Comment: Professional development is available but Iíve not had time to participate like I need to. I wish the students had easier access to scanners, video cameras and all the necessary peripherals and software to digitize video, CD burners, color printers, etc.

4. In your laptop classes, to what extent are the laptops and/or software incorporated into your curriculum?

Response: Always used

Comment: I canít think of a day when we didnít use the laptops for something.

What effect, if any, do you think the laptop program had on your to retain what you teach?

Response: My laptop students, at a minimum, are more engaged in what we are doing. I have no quantitative research to say that they learn or retain more than traditional students, but students tend to remember work that engaged them. The laptops have allowed me to create more assignments that engage the students at a deeper level. They are actively learning everyday in class, late at night in electronic discussions, over the weekend through email. My students rarely miss class. Who would want to miss class when we have so much fun together?

In your opinion, does the laptop program increase or decrease your effectiveness as a teacher? Please explain.

Response: My teaching effectiveness has increased enormously through the laptop program. The first year required me to spend a great deal of quality time reevaluating my teaching. I had to change almost everything ó from my own code of behavior with students to my assignments, from presentation of course content to where we met. I am confident that I am an effective teacher. I am now less competent as a teacher of traditional classes unless I take the time to integrate what Iíve learned in laptop teaching into the traditional classes ó and that is harder than re-visioning myself as a teacher in laptop classes because traditional classes have so many constraints.

Do you feel the laptop program is advantageous or detrimental to the students in it? Why?

Response: I think the laptop students have a huge advantage over non-laptop students. Laptop students have more contact with me and with one another; they have a community; they learn when, how, and why to use state-of-the-art technology; they see that the technology is a means to the end they desire ó a form of communication that aids in completion of valuable work; they will know how to use technology to do their professional work.

Has the integration of laptops altered the structure of your classes in any way? Please explain

Response: Yes, the structure of my class has changed. Sometimes we build a PowerPoint presentation together based on our reading and then share that file for studying. Sometimes students teach the class. Sometimes we meet outdoors or downtown. My classes are more flexible now because if donít finish what I had planned, we get on the bulletin board and keep going after class ó that night or over the weekend.

Has the integration of laptops altered the content of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes, in English courses I had to spend some time teaching Web page design and creation which I do not have to do in speech courses. I also have to spend a little time with first-year students teaching them how to use WebCT and the CLE. PowerPoint is so easy that I have not had to spend much time on how to use it, but rather on what features are appropriate, how to design a visually appealing slide show, etc. I donít think the time, though, is spent unwisely. I compare it to someone teaching a child to write with pencil and paper. You first have to show the student how to hold the pencil and to make marks on the paper. Then you can worry about spelling, sentence structure, etc. But what would be the point of teaching someone to write without the proper tools?

Has the integration of laptops altered the assignments/homework for your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes, as I said earlier, my assignments are very different now. Students do everything electronically in speech. Their outlines and PowerPoints are turned in to electronically. Their peer evaluations are done electronically. I canít think of anything theyíve turned in on paper. In English classes, though, I did ask for papers over two pages to be printed and turned in as hardcopy.

Has the integration of laptops altered the pace of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: In some ways, the laptop program is responsible for my slower pace. Because of the freedom the laptops bring, Iíve built in more authentic projects, group projects, cross-discipline projects and those take more time than an individual project.

Has the integration of laptops altered your class presentations in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes, the multimedia projector is always on in my classes. Either the students or I am using the equipment to present electronically

Has the integration of laptops altered your use of student groups in any way? Please explain

Response: Yes, I use group projects in all the courses I teach every semester. I did some group work before I started teaching in the laptop program, but now it is easier for the students to stay in contact with each other and with clients.

Do you feel the students are getting the same quality of education as those students in regular classes? Why or why not?

Response: I think they are getting a better education because they are learning more about electronic communication ó which will be necessary in their professional lives. Some people say that we are putting too much emphasis on the technology. One person from the CHE asked my students that question during their presentation last fall. My students practically jumped from their seats to tell her in no uncertain terms that they had to know the material better than the traditional students because they were responsible for creating a Website for all the traditional students to use. They clearly believe that they are learning more through authentic projects that are often only possible because of the available technology

Faculty Interview C

1. How many have you taught in the laptop program?

Response: Four years.

2. What laptop classes have you taught in the past?

Response: I have taught MTHSC 208 and H208.

3. And what are you currently teaching?

Response: MTHSC 208 and H208

4. How would you rate your experience teaching in the laptop classes?

Response: Greatly enjoyable.

Comment: I started the program along with Dean Melsheimer. I have enjoyed seeing this program develop from my first visit to another laptop program in the spring of 1996 until now. I have developed an entirely new way of teaching which promotes active learning.

5. The laptop program has affected your teaching by which of the following?

Response: I would say "more work for me," "more preparation," "more effective contact with students," "more focus on class content," "more interesting teaching assignments," "better education," "better assignments," and " better classroom practices."

5 If you could change one thing about the laptop program, what would it be?

Response: I would have to say "more technical support."

Comment: None

6. In your laptop classes, to what extent are the laptops and/or software incorporated into your curriculum?

Response: I would say "almost always used."

Comment: Either I am going over a Maple worksheet that the students have downloaded and are annotating or the students are solving problems using Maple. We have our laptops on all the time.

7. In your opinion, does the laptop program increase or decrease your effectiveness as a teacher?

Response: Increase. Certain topics can be cover faster giving me time to go into more depth on other topics. I have a lot more flexibility in the organization of the course.

8. Do you feel that the laptop program is advantageous or detrimental to the students in it? Why or why not?

Response: Advantageous. Laptop courses tend to contain more active learning experiences. Research shows that this is important. Laptop classes tend to have more cooperative learning experiences. Research also show that this is important and employers are looking for students with team experiences. Mobile computing is a fact of life in our society today. Laptop students are ahead of the game in that regard.

9. Has the integration of laptop altered the structure of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Totally. I give short mini-lectures and then turn to problems solving. I try not to be a talking head.

10. Has the integration of laptop altered the content of your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes. Certain topics can be covered more quickly allowing me to added content depth to other topics.

11. Has the integration of laptops altered the assignments/homework for your classes in any way? Please explain.

Response: Student turn in homework electronically and grades are reported electronically.

12. Has the integration of laptop altered your class presentations in any way? Please explain.

Response: Yes. I donít lecture anymore. I use short mini-lectures together with class activities.

13. Has the integration of laptops altered your use of student groups in any way? Please explain.

Response: I used teams before we had a laptop program. The laptop gives the students another communication tool which supports team work.

14. Do you feel that the students are getting the same quality of education as those students in regular classes? Why or why not?

Response: Laptop students are getting a better quality education. They are being exposed to nontraditional methods of teaching which pushes them.

15. Is there anything else you would like to add concerning the laptop program?

Response: This year Clemson network services has embraced wireless networking. This will allow us to expand our program without the worry about lack of wired classrooms.

See also http://people.clemson.edu/~cselfe/ENGL101103/finalreport.html

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